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Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry: Volume 1 by Ronald E. Hester (auth.), J. Braunstein, Gleb Mamantov, G.

By Ronald E. Hester (auth.), J. Braunstein, Gleb Mamantov, G. P. Smith (eds.)

Molten salts are investigated by way of very various innovations and for fluctuate­ ing reasons, and the implications are stated in greatly scattered journals. there's a have to preserve investigators conscious of growth in different specialties and to supply scholars with resource and history fabric. Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry hopes to fill those wishes by way of supplying experiences of contemporary development offered, insofar as is affordable, with adequate history fabric and statement to be understandable to a nonspecialist. We favor a dialogue of underlying ideas, to the level that they're recognized, and we motivate authors to remark seriously at the reliability of knowledge, the application of versions, and the cogency of principles and theories. We take a huge vie~ of the suitability of subject matters for inclusion during this sequence. either primary and technological advances have a spot right here, as do reviews on fabrics concerning molten salts (like liquid silicates, very focused aqueous suggestions, strategies of salts in liquid metals, and sturdy electrolytes). We intend this sequence to serve the desires of these who examine or use molten salts. We welcome feedback of issues and appropriate authors, in addition to reviews at the strengths and shortcomings of what's published.

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Their data are reproduced in Table III. Nitrates also have been treated at length in previous reviews of molten salt spectroscopy. (105-107) The table shows that breakdown of the D3h point group selection rules is common and is shown by spectra arising from solution as well as from solid-state perturbations. Wait and co-workers advanced a contact ion pair model to explain their data, with nearest-neighbor pairwise association wherein a metal ion interacts with a nitrate ion at a unidentate oxygen site.

While generally rejecting the existence of complex ions in fused salts, Wilmshurst(28) interpreted his infrared spectra from the CuCi 2/KCI system as being at least fully consistent with the existence of the CuCI~- species in these melts. However, infrared spectra from the CuCI 2/LiCI and CuCI/ LiCI systems showed no evidence for distinct complex species and were considered to arise only from lattice-like vibrational modes of the systems. Large variations in band frequencies, and disproportionate intensity variations as the compositions of ZnCl 2-alkali chloride systems were varied, were similarly interpreted.

121) For the Mg(N03)2/KN03 system it was found that the Ronald E. Hester 44 //"", .......... - 3d' , 9~ / 70" 50" 4lJO 1 FREQUENCY 10M-I, 1100 Fig. 25. 04H20; (--) liquid, (- - --) solid. (116) ca. 1050 cm- I (lIIAI of Dah nitrate) band had a doublet structure, with component frequencies at 1064 and 1045 cm-I . The 1064-cm-I component was found to increase in relative intensity as the Mg+2 content of the system was increased, while all band frequencies were found independent of composition over a wide range.

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