Linguistics

A Sketch Grammar of the Bafut Language by Pius Tamanji

By Pius Tamanji

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Additional info for A Sketch Grammar of the Bafut Language

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Nevertheless, the idea of sex-gender in the nouns in Bafut may be conveyed in several ways. The most common way is to use a descriptive possessive expression indicating masculine or feminine immediately preceding the generic or common word. This method is often employed to derive animal names where the descriptive possessive translates URXJKO\DV³ZLIHRI«KXVEDQGRI«´6RPHH[DPSOHVRIQRXQVLn this group are: (22) a. b. c. d. e. f. "#¹&`¯+ In the formation of personal nouns (nouns designating professions) a similar descriptive H[SUHVVLRQPHDQLQJ³ZRPDQ´LVXVHGDIWHUWKHJHQHULFIRUPWRGHVLJQDWHDIHPDOHperson of that profession.

28 a) Ø- ¦ #- b) N- ¦ #- 3 ! 5 7 9 19 "k#! d#! N%k#! n #- j #j f #- 6 $k#! m #- 8 10 k#! N- dz #dz #- In the table, the noun classes, noun prefixes and concord consonants are indicated. Following each concord consonant is a floating tone associated with the class. The concord consonants and the related floating tones will be treated in greater detail in the next section. Full lines in the table indicate major genders while broken lines indicate minor genders. The following paired genders therefore exist in Bafut: Major genders: 1/2, 3/6, 5/6, 7/8, 9/10, 19/6.

F1*`+,<Ï& ³URDGFRQVWUXFWRUV´ 43 b. c. d. e. f. "f1)5Ä g. 3. Sex gender Sex gender is not a grammatical feature of Bafut. That is to say, the fact that any particular noun may indicate a masculine, feminine, common or neuter idea is not in any way reflected in the morphology of the noun. Nevertheless, the idea of sex-gender in the nouns in Bafut may be conveyed in several ways. The most common way is to use a descriptive possessive expression indicating masculine or feminine immediately preceding the generic or common word.

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