By Katsura Aoyama
During this monograph Katsura Aoyama offers a sequence of psycholinguistic investigations on consonantal differences in Finnish and eastern. the writer deftly describes alterations in grownup creation, conception, and baby acquisition of those differences. this can be a massive paintings for these drawn to contemporary advancements in theoretical and psycholinguistics.
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Extra resources for A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions
It appears that there are multiple cues available for distinguishing the quantity contrast between single and geminate nasals, and that this contrast is realized in different ways in Finnish and Japanese. In Finnish, the crucial variables seem to be (1) the difference in absolute duration between singletons and geminates, (2) the proportional length of the medial consonant, (3) the durations of adjacent vowels (in particular a short vowel after a medial nasal indicates that the preceding segment is a geminate).
They were from different places in Japan: four from Kantoo, three from Kinki, two from Chuubu, one from Kyuushuu. It is reported that there are areas in Japan where nippon 'Japan' can only be 37 analyzed into two units, not four, and the dialects in those areas are called 'syllable-dialects' as opposed to 'mora-dialects' (Jouo 1977). I suppose that the term 'syllable-dialects' corresponds to syllable-timed languages, and thus it is possible that dialects of Japanese in those areas have different kinds of rhythm.
Therefore, the distinction between single and geminate nasals appears to be acoustically clearer in Finnish than in Japanese. And it is not because geminates are longer in Finnish than in Japanese; rather the difference was in the duration of the singletons. Table 11 and Figure II show the distributions of [ana] and [anna] tokens by the proportion of the nasal. In both languages, the proportion of the nasal in [anna] was about 50%. There were 13 tokens of [ana] whose medial nasal consisted of less than 20% of the whole word in Finnish, while 43 F: (h) ana J: (h)ana F: (h)anna J: (h)anna 0% 20% 40% 1~"" Vowell.