A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960 by Bruce S. Hall

By Bruce S. Hall

The mobilization of neighborhood rules approximately racial distinction has been vital in producing, and intensifying, civil wars that experience happened because the finish of colonial rule in the entire international locations that straddle the southern fringe of the Sahara wilderness. From Sudan to Mauritania, the racial different types deployed in modern conflicts frequently hearken again to an older heritage within which blackness will be equated with slavery and non-blackness with predatory and uncivilized banditry. This publication strains the advance of arguments approximately race over a interval of greater than 350 years in a single very important position alongside the southern fringe of the Sahara desolate tract: the Niger Bend in northern Mali. utilizing Arabic records held in Timbuktu, in addition to neighborhood colonial assets in French and oral interviews, Bruce S. corridor reconstructs an African highbrow historical past of race that lengthy predated colonial conquest, and which has persevered to orient inter-African kinfolk ever considering that.

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31 Robb, “Introduction,” 61; The connection between race and caste in precolonial India is contentious in large part because this was the interpretation of many British colonial ethnographers in the nineteenth century. See Susan Bayly, “Caste and Race in the Colonial Ethnography of India,” in The Concept of Race in South Asia, ed. Peter Robb (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995), 165–218; and Crispin Bates, “Race, Caste and Tribe in Central India: The Early Origins of Indian Anthropometry,” in The Concept of Race in South Asia, ed.

Further to the south, new states formed again in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, first along the Middle Niger River in the case of Ségou, and on the basis of reformist Islamic ideologies used as organizing political programs by a number of Fulbe-led states in the Futa Toro region of the Senegal River valley, in Timothy Insoll, The Archaeology of Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 208–9. 3 Sharon E. Nicholson, “The Methodology of Historical Climate Reconstruction and its Application to Africa,” JAH 20, no.

The focus of my interest in this chapter is on following the different ways that the term “blacks” appears in these legal sources, and the legal implications for property, questions of freedom, clientship, and enslavement. The chapter looks at the different sites where arguments about blackness arose and discusses a series of contestations over what meanings blackness ­produced in specific contexts. ws/blogs/ChrisRedfield 1 Making Race in the Sahel, c.

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