The Archaeology of the Holy Land: From the Destruction of Solomon's Temple to the Muslim Conquest

By Jodi Magness

This booklet presents an advent to the archaeology and heritage of historic Palestine - glossy Israel, Jordan, and the Palestinian territories - from the destruction of Solomon's temple in 586 BCE to the Muslim conquest in 640 CE. designated realization is paid to the archaeology of Jerusalem and the second one Temple interval, for the period of Herod the good and Jesus. for every interval, the ebook deals a historic heritage for the Mediterranean global and the traditional close to East, in addition to the occasions in Palestine. significant websites akin to Masada, Caesarea Maritima, and Petra are tested in archaeological and historic aspect, besides the cloth tradition - cash, pottery, glass, and stone vessels - of every interval. This publication presents an intensive assessment of the archaeology of this traditionally vivid a part of the realm.

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Reich and E. Shukron, “Light on the finish of the Tunnel, Warren’s Shaft thought of David’s Conquest Shattered,” Biblical Archaeology evaluate 25. 1 (1999), p. 25. via permission of Hershel Shanks and the Biblical Archaeology Society. 36 ᪉ The Topography and Early background of Jerusalem (to 586 B. C. E. ) 660 655 650 645 640 635 630 660 655 650 645 640 635 2. eight part via Warren’s Shaft, exhibiting the unique procedure (above), and the later slicing of the ground into the vertical shaft (below). From R.

Radiocarbon dates conventionally are released within the kind of uncalibrated radiocarbon years sooner than current (BP), with “present” measured from 1950 C. E. , whilst the tactic used to be invented. Conversion of those dates to calendar years calls for calibration due to prior fluctuations within the point of carbon 14 within the surroundings. Calibration can elevate the diversity of a radiocarbon date. For those purposes, radiocarbon courting is most dear in instances within which there are not any different heavily datable different types of artifacts, akin to prehistoric websites in Europe or local American websites within the usa.

This water process is identical to the only at Qumran (although the water got here from assortment swimming pools instead of flash floods), yet is way greater in scale. advised analyzing Nahman Avigad, getting to know Jerusalem (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1993). Oleg Grabar and Benjamin Z. Kedar (eds. ), the place Heaven and Earth Meet: Jerusalem’s Sacred Esplanade (Austin: college of Texas, 2009). Lee I. Levine, Jerusalem, Portrait of the town within the moment Temple interval (538 B. C. E. – 70 C. E. ) (Philadelphia: Jewish e-book Society, 2002).

Five Caldarium within the huge tub apartment, 211 10. 6 Mosaic ground within the western palace, 212 10. 7 Southern cistern, 213 10. eight Plan of the Roman siege works at Masada, 217 10. nine View of Camp F having a look west, 218 10. 10 The praetorium and tribunal in Camp F, 219 10. eleven Painted amphoriskos from the praetorium in Camp F, 220 10. 12 Contubernium in Camp F, with a ebook at the bench for scale, 220 10. thirteen Arrowhead from Yadin’s excavations at Masada, 221 10. 14 Scales of armor from Yadin’s excavations at Masada, 222 10.

Alexander’s successors additionally his instance by way of setting up new towns round their kingdoms. for instance, within the 3rd century B. C. E. , the Palestinian coastal urban of Akko (modern Acre) was once refounded as Ptolemais, and RabbathAmmon, the traditional capital of the Ammonites (modern Amman in Jordan), used to be renamed Philadelphia (in honor of Ptolemy II Philadelphos). a lot of those towns weren't demonstrated de novo (from scratch), yet particularly have been cities or villages that have been rebuilt as Greek towns by means of the king and renamed – often after themselves, following Alexander’s precedent in founding Alexandria.

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